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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 61-65

Size, type, and location of myoma as predictors for successful laparoscopic myomectomy: A Tertiary Government Hospital experience

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of the Philippines, Philippine General Hospital, Manila, Philippines

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mikaela Erlinda G. Martinez
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of the Philippines, Philippine General Hospital, Manila
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/GMIT.GMIT_12_18

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Background: Laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) is a preferred alternative to abdominal myomectomy due to shorter hospitalization, faster recovery, and decreased intraoperative adhesions. The criteria, however, which constitute proper selection of patients for LM, are still a matter of debate. Since conversion to either laparoscopic-assisted myomectomy (LAM) or laparotomy (EL) entails longer time and increased costs compared to performing an open procedure from the outset, this research aims to evaluate size, location, and type of myoma as predictors for LM. Methodology: Inpatient medical records of all women who underwent LM from January 2014 to August 2016 were retrieved and reviewed. Demographic data, intraoperative records, and postoperative course were obtained. The association of size, type, and location of myomas to the procedure performed was analyzed. Results: There was no significant association between the size of the myoma or its location to the procedure performed. However, intramural and subserous myomas were associated with successful LM, while submucous myomas were associated with conversion to either LAM or EL (P = 0.010). Conclusion: LM is a difficult procedure that challenges even the most skilled laparoscopic surgeon. Proper patient selection lessens complications and decreases the risk of conversion. In this study, type of myoma may be a good predictor for successful LM; however, this conclusion may be limited by the small sample size. A large-scale multicentric prospective study is necessary to validate the role of the proposed predictors to prevent unplanned conversion to an open procedure and reduce cost and increase safety of LM.

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