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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 62-66

The Use of ulipristal acetate (Esmya) prior to laparoscopic myomectomy: Help or hindrance?

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Princess Royal Hospital, Haywards Heath, England, UK
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Barts Health NHS Trust, Whipps Cross Hospital, London, UK

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rebecca Mallick
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Princess Royal Hospital, Lewes Road, England
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/GMIT.GMIT_79_18

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Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the operative effects, both positive and negative, of pretreatment with ulipristal acetate (UPA) on laparoscopic myomectomy. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from patients who underwent a laparoscopic myomectomy over a 2-year period. Results: A total of 62 patients were included, of which 10 received a 3-month preoperative course of UPA, and 52 patients received no pretreatment. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (no pretreatment vs. UPA pretreatment) with regard to blood loss (214.4 [±214.96] vs. 160 [±51.64], P = 0.432), operating time (111.64 [±41.8] vs. 117.5 [±50.4], P = 0.694), and duration of inpatient stay (1.27 [±0.56] vs. 1.11 [±0.33], P = 0.419). There were no complications in either group. In 100% of cases with UPA pretreatment, a distortion of the fibroid capsule with a more technically challenging dissection was noted, compared to 0% in the no pretreatment group. This anatomical distortion may result in more cases of incomplete resection and a potentially higher risk of recurrence. Conclusion: We conclude that UPA confers no operative benefits and should be used with caution in the presurgical treatment of fibroids. The use of UPA may indeed result in a more technically difficult myomectomy with distorted cleavage planes and carry a potential risk of incomplete resection.

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